social promotion in 1999.
Canady said retention numbers rose from 36 to 130 in 2000.
"Retention has gone up because the retention law changed," Canady
said. "But in a way it's not really retention, because they will move
into upper levels of classes they did pass. They just have to take the
failed class over again."
Social promotion was a practice that allowed students who failed a
class to pass to the next grade in order to keep that student with his or
her peer group. In 1999, state lawmakers ended that practice, and school
districts had to create intervention programs to keep students from being
Alexis Sheehy, director of secondary education, said Burbank Unified
began implementing a promotion retention policy through pilot programs at
select schools in 1999.
Although complete data from the 2000-01 school year has not yet been
compiled, Sheehy did say that 89 students in sixth, seventh and eighth
grades were at risk of being retained at the end of the regular school
year. Sheehy did not have 1999-2000 statistics available, but she did
estimate that numbers have risen.
"We can't enforce summer school," Sheehy said. "But the teacher has
the final say in whether retention is best for any given student."
David Aponik, superintendent of schools, said the issue of remediation
is part of a larger accountability issue for the Burbank school district.
To Aponik, doing away with social promotion was a good thing in that
it encourages the district to be accountable for continuity of content in
"We have standards that we have to hold our students to," Aponik said.
"All in all, the legislation was a good idea, but we need to communicate
to parents what it is we want their children to learn."
Aponik added, "If you retain a student and make them do the same thing
over again, it's not going to help. What we need is clear expectations."
Aponik said the district offers after school, summer school and
tutoring programs to help students who are not receiving passing grades.